Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University

Theoretical Biology Seminar

Date: August. 19, 2019 13:30~15:00
Room: Seminar Room104, 1st Floor, Bldg. #2 of Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences, Kyoto University
Speaker: Prof. Je-Chiang Tsai Department of Mathematics,
National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan
Title: Spreading Waves in a Farmers and Hunter-Gatherers Model of the Neolithic Transition in Europe

<Abstract>

The Neolithic transition began the spread of early agriculture throughout Europe through interactions between farmers and hunter-gatherers about 10,000 years ago. Archeological evidence produced by radiocarbon dating indicates that the expanding velocity of farming is roughly constant all over Europe. Theoretical understanding of such evidence has been performed from mathematical modeling viewpoint. However, the expanding velocity determined by existing modeling approaches is faster than the observed velocity. For understanding this difference, we propose a three-component reaction–diffusion system which consists of two different types of farmers (sedentary and migratory) and hunter-gatherers from the viewpoint of the influence of farming technology. Moreover, our results suggest that the reason for the slowdown of the Neolithic transition might be related to the increase in the development of farming technology.