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The predecessor of the Institute,
the Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Sciences (inFront),
was formed by the merger of the Institute for Virus Research
and the Institute for Frontier Life and Medical Science in 2016.
The Institute for Virus Research was known
for its brilliant groundbreaking research in medical science,
including the discovery of the human leukemia virus,
and for pioneering work in molecular biology.
The Institute for Frontier Medical Sciences, on the other hand,
had built an innovative foundation in regenerative medicine
by establishing human embryonic stem cells (ES cells)
and discovering induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells)
and regulatory T cells.
In April 2022, the Institute made a new start
under the current name, The Institute for Life and Medical Sciences (LiMe),
with the aim of exploring new academic fields
in medical science and life science.